This Day in History - 11th July

 

1274www.beautifulbritain.co.ukRobert the Bruce, King of Scotland was born. His body is buried in Dunfermline Abbey, while it is believed his heart was interred in Melrose Abbey. 

1576www.beautifulbritain.co.ukYorkshire born explorer Martin Frobisher sighted Greenland. In all he made three voyages to the New World to look for the Northwest Passage. He was later knighted for his service in repelling the Spanish Armada.

 

1656www.beautifulbritain.co.ukAnn Austin and Mary Fisher became the first Quakers to arrive in America and were promptly arrested. Five weeks later they were deported, back to England.

 

1776www.beautifulbritain.co.ukCaptain Cook sailed from Plymouth in the Resolution, accompanied by the Discovery, on his last expedition. He was killed in Hawaii in a fight with Hawaiians in 1779. He left a legacy of scientific and geographical knowledge which was to influence his successors well into the 20th century and numerous memorials worldwide have been dedicated to him, including this one at Whitby where Cook served as a merchant navy apprentice.

 

1848www.beautifulbritain.co.ukLondon's Waterloo Station was officially opened. With over 91 million passenger entries and exits between April 2010 and March 2011, it is Britain's busiest railway station.

 

1859www.beautifulbritain.co.ukA Tale Of Two Cities, by Charles Dickens, was published.

 

1859www.beautifulbritain.co.ukBig Ben, in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament, tolled for the first time. In September it cracked under the hammer, a mere two months after it officially went into service. According to the foundry's manager, a hammer more than twice the maximum weight specified had been used and for three years Big Ben was taken out of commission.

 

1884www.beautifulbritain.co.ukOld Trafford (Manchester) became England's 2nd official Test Match cricket ground (after the Kennington Oval in London).

 

1930www.beautifulbritain.co.ukAustralian cricketer Don Bradman scored a world record 309 runs in one day in a Test match against England, held at Headingley.

 

1950www.beautifulbritain.co.ukPuppets Andy Pandy, Teddy and Looby Loo first appeared on BBC TV. The episodes were repeated for more than 25 years, until the film wore out.

 

1974www.beautifulbritain.co.ukThe World Football League played its first games.

 

1987www.beautifulbritain.co.ukWar veterans returned to the scene of the bloodiest battle of World War I to commemorate its 70th anniversary. The fields of Passchendaele in Belgium claimed the lives of 250,000 troops of the British Commonwealth between July and November 1917.

 

1989www.beautifulbritain.co.ukLaurence Olivier, English actor and director died.

 

1991www.beautifulbritain.co.ukLabour MP Terry Fields was sentenced to 60 days in prison for refusing to pay his poll tax.

 

2013www.beautifulbritain.co.ukGreenpeace protesters climbed to the summit of London's Shard, the tallest building in western Europe at 1,016 ft and then unfurled a blue flag with 'Save the Arctic' written on it.


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