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This Day in History - 11th May


1685 The death of 18 year old Margaret Wilson, executed by drowning for refusing to swear an oath declaring James VII (James II of England) as head of the church. She died along with Margaret McLachlan. death of William Pitt the Elder, Earl of Chatham and British politician. He conducted most of the Seven Years' War (1756-63) which secured Britain a huge new empire. Prime Minister Spencer Percival was assassinated in the House of Commons, apparently mistaken by his killer, bankrupt broker John Bellingham, for someone else. He is the only Prime Minister in Britain to have been assassinated. launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that took Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage to test his theories on evolution. the Indian Revolution, Indian rebels seized Delhi from the British. knighting of Pelham Warner, a cricketer, marked the first time the honour was conferred upon a sportsman. Paxman, British journalist and author, was born. businessman Greville Wynne, aged 44, accused of spying for the West was sentenced to eight years' detention by a Moscow tribunal. designer and businessman Terence Conran opened his first Habitat Shop in London's Fulham Road., Ireland and Denmark officially applied to join the EEC. Daily Sketch newspaper, which was founded in 1909, was published for the last time. It was Britain's oldest 'tabloid' newspaper. Virgo, former head of the police pornography squad, was found guilty of taking bribes from Soho vice kings. six spectators died and more than 200 were injured in a flash fire at Bradford City stadium (Valley Parade football ground) during a match against Lincoln City. The inquiry into the disaster led to the introduction of new legislation to improve safety at the UK's football grounds. One of the main outcomes of the inquiry was prohibiting the construction of new wooden grandstands at all UK sports grounds. Zola Budd flew back to her home in South Africa following the diplomatic row over her eligibility to compete for Britain. Philby, the English born Soviet spy, died in the USSR. Lloyd Webber's musical 'Cats' , based on T.S.Eliot's Old Possum poems, became the West End's longest-running musical, completing eight years. Nolan presented his report on standards in public life, in an attempt to rid Westminster of constant allegations of individual 'sleaze'.