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This Day in History - 16th June general, John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough, died. declared war on Britain, and the Great Siege of Gibraltar began. In February 1783 the siege was lifted and the French and Spanish troops retired, disheartened and defeated, after three years and seven months' conflict. The final peace treaty left Gibraltar with the British, but the victorious British garrison sustained a loss of 1,231 men, and expended 8,000 barrels of gunpowder. RSPCA Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded. distinctive Salvation Army ladies' bonnets were worn for the first time when they marched in procession in London. Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland killed 183 children. At the end of the show an announcement was made that children with certain numbered tickets would be presented with a prize upon exit. Worried about missing out on the treats, many of the estimated 1,100 children in the gallery stampeded toward the staircase leading downstairs. Those at the front became trapped, and were crushed by the weight of the crowd behind them. Laurel, (Arthur Jefferson) English born comedy actor of Laurel and Hardy fame, was born, at Ulverston. Powell, British politician was born. foundation of the Women's Institute, regularly referred to as simply the WI. Its two aims were to revitalise rural communities and to encourage women to become more involved in producing food during the First World War. It is now the largest women’s voluntary organisation in the UK. bathing was permitted for the first time in Hyde Park, London. ‘No Waiting’ lines were introduced to British streets. of the broadcaster and former Director General of the BBC, John Reith. Wales Coalfield came to a standstill as miners went on strike in support of health workers who were demanding a 12% pay rise. international Bryan Robson scored a goal against France in Bilbao after just 27 seconds of the game. It was the quickest World Cup goal in history. explosive new book about the Princess of Wales, including claims that she attempted suicide, was published by author Andrew Morton.