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This Day in History - 1st July Battle of the Boyne was fought on the east coast of Ireland, between the Catholic King James and the Protestant King William. The battle, won by William, ultimately helped ensure the continuation of Protestant supremacy in Ireland. Curiously, Battle of the Boyne Day is celebrated on 12th July. The mismatch occurred under the Gregorian calendar and 11 days were effectively lost, causing people at the time to clamour 'Give us back our 11 days!' registration of births, marriages and deaths came into effect in England and Wales. birth of Amy Johnson CBE, a pioneering English pilot. introduction of the British Copyright Act - protecting an author's works for 50 years after their death. War I: Almost 20,000 British soldiers were killed and a further 57,500 were injured on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. It was the greatest number of British casualties in a single day's fighting in modern history. British casualties on day one were greater than the total combined British casualties in the Crimean, Boer, and Korean wars. War II: The first Battle of El Alamein, a battle of the Western Desert Campaign in North Africa, was fought between the Axis forces (Germany and Italy) commanded by Field Marshal Rommel, and Allied forces of the British Eighth Army commanded by General Claude Auchinleck. The battle halted the second, and final advance by the Axis forces into Egypt., the Princess of Wales, was born. British Government admitted that the former diplomat Kim Philby, a high-ranking member of British intelligence had worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union. television came to Europe with a seven hour transmission on BBC 2 from the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championships. Charles was invested Prince of Wales by his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, at Caernarfon Castle in north Wales. tennis player Virginia Wade won the Women's Singles Championship at Wimbledon in its Centenary Year and during Queen Elizabeth II's Jubilee year. addition to a practical exam, learner drivers in Britain had to pass a written exam for the first time.


2005 The final unveiling of Anthony Gormley's' Another Place' on Crosby Beach near Liverpool, where 100 cast iron figures face out to sea. death of Freddie Trueman OBE, Yorkshire and English cricketer, generally acknowledged as one of the greatest fast bowlers in history. Yorkshire born Prime Minister Harold Wilson once described Trueman as the 'greatest living Yorkshireman'. 


2007 A smoking ban came into force in England, making it illegal for anyone to smoke in an enclosed public place and within the workplace. Emin's modern artwork 'My Bed' was sold at auction by Christie's in London for £2.2m. The work features an unmade bed surrounded by a floor littered by empty vodka bottles, cigarette butts and condoms. It was put up for sale by the art collector Charles Saatchi with a guide price of between £800,000 and £1.2m.


2015 The death (aged 106) of Sir Nicholas George Winton MBE. He was a British humanitarian who organized the rescue of 669 children, most of them Jewish, from Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia during the 9 months before war broke out in 1939. The operation was later known as the Czech Kindertransport.