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This Day in History - 20th May King Richard I 'the Lion Heart' conquered Cyprus on his way to join the Crusaders in north west Israel. Second Battle of Lincoln was fought, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. Italian explorer John Cabot, commissioned by England, set sail from Bristol in his ship Matthew looking for a route to the west. At the time, Bristol was the only English city to have had a prior history of undertaking exploration expeditions out into the Atlantic. Minster was badly damaged by fire. Victoria laid the foundation stone for the Royal Albert Hall. birth, at this house in Kidsgrove, Staffordshire, of Reginald Joseph Mitchell, the designer of the Spitfire aircraft. The single-seat fighter aircraft was used by the Royal Air Force and many other Allied countries throughout the Second World War and continued to be used as a front line fighter and in secondary roles into the 1950s. The Spitfire was produced in greater numbers than any other British aircraft and was the only British fighter in production throughout the war. Edward VII opened the Kew Bridge over the River Thames. Its proper name is the Edward VII Bridge. first Chelsea Flower Show was held in the grounds of the Royal Hospital, attracting around 200,000 visitors. The show started in 1827, moving to larger venues until it settled in Chelsea. Prime Minister Bonar Law resigned because of ill-health and was replaced by Stanley Baldwin. bill for nationalization of British coal mines passed the Commons stage. mayor and corporation of High Wycombe were weighed in, in full view of the public to see whether or not they had been getting fat at the taxpayers' expense! Chief Inspector of Constabularies announced that Britain's police would be armed with tear gas guns and grenades for use against dangerous criminals, but that it would not be used for crowd control. death of Dame Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor. Her work exemplifies Modernism and, along with Henry Moore and others, she helped to develop modern art, sculpture in particular, in Britain. House of Commons agreed to consider Sunday Trading proposals. finally ratified the Maastricht Treaty which allowed greater co-operation between members of the European Union.