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This Day in History - 9th August at Newgate Jail were used as 'guinea pigs' to test vaccines used against disease. Nelson captured from the French, the island of Elba, to which Napoleon Bonaparte was later exiled. Elementary Education Act was passed. It gave compulsory, free education to every child in England and Wales between the age of five and 13. a six-week delay due to an emergency appendectomy, Edward VII was crowned in Westminster Abbey following the death of his mother Queen Victoria. Edward was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which was renamed the House of Windsor by his son, George V. Baden-Powell's first Boy Scout encampment concluded at Brownsea Island in Dorset. The experimental camp developed into the worldwide Scouts and Guides organizations. War I: HMS Birmingham sank a German submarine, the first to be sunk by the Royal Navy. Richard performed at Butlin's Holiday Camp in Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, as Cliff Richard and The Drifters. transmitted the first edition of the pop music programme Ready Steady Go to rival the BBC's Top of the Pops. The presenter was Cathy McGowan. established the first nudist beach in Britain, despite protests from those fearing depravity. English lifeguards set a relay swim record of the English Channel of 7 hours 17 minutes. Thompson won the Olympic decathlon at the Summer Games in Los Angeles. West Midlands woman Mandy Allwood announced that she was expecting octuplets. Kennedy won the race to succeed Paddy Ashdown as leader of the Liberal Democrats. least 24 suspected terrorists were arrested in an overnight operation. The arrests were in relation to a plot to detonate liquid explosives carried on board at least 10 airliners travelling from Britain to the United States and Canada. In July 2010 three men were found guilty at Woolwich Crown Court and sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiracy to murder. Golden Wedding Anniversary of the webmaster of this Beautiful Britain web site. He was married in Enderby village church, Leicestershire.